JPRS 7eS3e

16 July 196)

Worldwide Report


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erreet (FRE publ tcettioms ere enneeneed te CLL? Mert \eoued com -<aeethiy by the Set

information Serwlee, end ere iteted to the fa a Ld. Soeetament Sebi isations ‘eevee Ge Socuneets, '.5 Garerrmeet Prieting Office, Geehiagten, B.C Poev)

indemes Co Chie report (hy be pwerd, suther, personel samere, tithe emt eertes ere ewellable frome Bell & Bowell, Old “Menefleid Geed, Wooster, Gice 46669)

Correspondence pertaining to aatters other then procurement my be ed@reseed to Joint Publicetions Reecerch Service, 1000 Serth Glebe Goad, Arlington, Verginte T2777.

Jom fete Me July 198)

Beltic See Gowetriee Agree om Peet Te Comtre! Reserdene Corge

—— ) oe 8) I teaber of Seweet Fishbone Beete Off Hew Leeland Cot (Tor =) ALAR GRAD. © bee F1) ? atlas awevRaLia Pepee Gow Gotmee Fiat Comtameneted With Mereery, Seieed (T=) COURIER ATL, 29 Mey 81) ) * Off -Ghere FPlesmed Seen (Mier! Vileee, TH ae. 2 kee B81) , Sriet. Seeerfiehing See 5 i=Dpia ledie’'s Third Mews! Gerwep Yooee! Leenehed (par evarweem, 5 Bem BT) ccc cece + Coast Geerd Heed lneugeretee Dietrict Reatquaerters ee PHILIP? ONES

Action Urged om See Lome (ORLARTIN TORRY, 7 Damm BE)

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Tremte te Deeper tee Fiehing for 1980's Gutlined

(George Heeelen, SRPWIRT CHAPT, May 61) pecceeecceces ) , LATIN AMERICA vem Sr itete« Oc) Spall Pine Reduction 5 SUR SARABAN AFRICA AMOLA Sriets

iraq) Territertel Vetere Vieletion 16 wey cweT “eoritom Protectiom Agreement With Meeritente (heetire Geengnen, PRATRRNITE MATIN, 23 dom BE) .. 2.605. 1? wee’ foRore


lcelemt, Beletem Sian Sew Agreement on Quotes (OROUWRLADID. 12 Jum 61) peeeocoocce ,TTrT TT TY pee if

Ambassador Sedereen Diecwsees Jan Mayen, LOS leaves (feme ©. Andereen leterwiew; MOROCUWELADID, 6 Jun G1) .. 20



SSR Accepts 200-Mile lone Regulations 24


|Article: “Ships Carrying Hererdeuws Carge in the Baltic Sea To Be More Closely Monitored” |

[Rucerpe| The Baltic See government hewe agreed to the establishment of « position reporting syetem to coordinate information on ships carrying chemicals, gas, etc. The purpose of the eyetem ie to teprowe the safety of savigaetion in the Baltic Sea, oe well af Co gake powetble timely and effective preventive seasures in case of pollution in the see eres. The syetem was agreed upon ae part of the Treaty on Protection of the Baltic. tte teet period begen on 1 July 1961.

Included ‘a the position reporting agreement are 411 shipe hewing « cargo tonnage capacity of ower 20,000 ert, as well ae those ships traneporting over 1,600 grt of chemicals or gas. According to the agreement, the ships will report volunterily their route and position to the reporting center of their reepective country.

The Fianish reporting center was established at the headquarters of the Gulf of Finland Coast Geaerd. The center will be tn serwice 24 houre « day around the year, and will be operated by an officer end redic operators.

The ship reports will be obtained by the center either from the aeritiae redic station or directiy from the ship. The reporting lenguage te Eaglieh, and the operating time will be GT.

The aeers of communication te by telex.

The center receives reports, sonitors the ship's reported sowement end trevweite the reports to other centers.

Bvelustions besed on results during the test period will be used to examine the need for the syetes as well «8 to decide on

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\vetland THE NEW ZEALAND HERALD in English § Jun #1 p 5



|Teat) The Prime Minteter’s Department had intervened

te try te hewe 2900 ke of contaminated berremund! released for sale in Qeeeneland, the Leber MLA for Lytton, Mr Toe Burne, laimed vesterday.

He said the interference hed come after « telephone call from the department of Papua New Guinea's Prime Minieter, Sir Julies Chan. The fish was sent free Papua New Guines.

Mr Burne said teats conducted by the State Gowernment's chemical laboratory had shown the berramund! to hawe 10 per cent gore than the elloweble saxiaun amount of sercury.

The fish had been submitted for testing by the Customs Bureau.

Mr Burne said the laboratory recetwed « telephone call from the Commonwealth Health Department asking it to check again.

“They conducted gore teats and found exactiy the same thing-~the fish was sot fit for sale,” be eatd.

Mr Burne claimed the Commomvesith spokesman told the laboratory they had « aee- sage from Canberra to say the berremund! gust be released. This hed followed & request from Sir Julius Chan's department. The fish would be worth about $20,000.

Mr Burne said another 2000 ke of Papuse New Guines barramundi hed now arrived in Brisbane after being rerouted from Swdney.

He said the baerramund! was «till ender refrigeration at Murrerie and he had asked the State Health Minteter, Mr Awetin, to investigate.

“I don't want that fish served ep on any table except the one at Parliament House in Canberra,” “r Burne said.

A State Health Department «spokesmen confirmed yesterday that its chemical laboratories aed analysed the berramund! for the Customs Bureau but could not comment on the cesult.


) SHORE OLL SEARCH NEAR DAMPLER PLANNED SOON Melbourne THE ACT in Paglieh 2 Jun 61 p 23 ‘Articole by Nigel Wileen: “CRA Will Take Part in O11 Search Off Dampier")

text) Awetralla’s biggest @ining house, CRA, is goving into high-cost oi) exploration off Western Australia.

it is bellewed negotiations have been completed for CRA to take part in a gulti- eillten deller drilling programme off Dampier.

eA would set comment veeterday, but it isa believed details will be iseaued

shert ly.

‘he @ewe is a Galfer etep for CRA which had scaled down its petroleum interests

yd comcentrated on Gining and metal activities. Like gany sinning companies

(8A does sot regard the huge coset of off-shore petroleum exploration as sanguinely ae deo ofl ompanies.

the damper permit, efftetally described as permit WA 56 P, is inshore from the North Meet Shelf gee fleld. Legend Ne 1, which the old Burmah 011 Company iriiled te the ereas ta the 19606, produced « non-commercial of1 flow.

~ perRit was awarded to the emall Perth-based group Stirling Petroleum in 1976 which eubeequentiy drilled one dry hole and then farmed out to the well-connected anadian-owned group Hudbay Austraita.

fee permir eres ie @ainly in relativey shallow water and is regarded by WA eeologtets as proepective for ofl rather than gas.

Tienes ore for the @rillehip, Petramar North Sea, now refitting in Singapore, to reach the region tn the first week of July.

tedbeaw te enderetoed to have farmed in on 17) blocks of the permit and can earn up to 85 per cent laterest through an extensive drilling programe. Presumably theese percentages will change if CRA joins the venture.

“Sf 20



SPEARFISHING BAN~--New regulations banning commercial spearfishing on the Great Barrier Reef of f central Queensland could help beat the crown of thorns star- fish infestation, Dr Robert Endean said yesterday. But the ban should be ex- tended to the whole reef to be effective, Dr Endean said when commenting on the new regulations tabled in Federal Parliament on Thursday. They implement the zoning plan for the Capricornia section of the Great Barrier Reef marine park. Dr Endean, reader in zoology at queensland University, said the legislation was long overdue. He said the crown of thorns were on their “second time around” aiong the reef. They had caused tremendous damage in the 19608, but moved away after the coral recovered. Now they were back again. Dr Endean said spear~ fishing had killed many groper and cod that ate the starfish. It was unfortun- ate the ban applied only to the Capricornia section at the southern end of the reef. Action should be taken in the Cairns, Innisfail and Townsville region, where the crown of thorns starfish has returned in large numbers. (| Excerpt)

| Brisbane THE COURIER-MAIL in English 30 May 81 p 13)

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ACTION URGED ON SEA ZONE Manila BULLETIN TODAY in Engliah 7 Jun 61 pp 1, 11

Text) Malolos, Bulacan, June 6=--Labor Minteter Blas F. Ople today said the na- tional government should now organize ite reso 'rces to protect, conserve, and de- velop ite 200-mile economic zone as declared in Presidential Decree 1599.

The minister said the decree, litt . ©» ‘iced when it was promulgated in 1979, “enormously expanded the scope c %ur i»sponsibilities in protecting our economic and social ra,hte in surrounding »aters."

Ople urged the immediate creation of a presidential inter-ministerial body to im- plement the law declaring a 200-mile economic zone in its political, economic, and social ramifications. ,

Ople keynoted the first national seminar on the control of illegal fishing attended by experts of the bureau of fisheries and aquatic resources at the Bulacan conven- tion center.

To give meaning and reality to the declaration of the 200-mile econumic zone, Ople said, various minietries or agencies should organize a “total national capa ility," including the Philippine Navy, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Local Governments, and the Ministry of Transportation and Communications.

Ople said fishermen in Iba, Zambales, have often complained of foreign poachers ramming their emall craft.

Ople said the RP-US bases agreement has made possible a package of assistance to the Philippines which will accelerate the buildup of the country's coast guard capability.

The minister said the Ministry of Transportation and Communication should replace the present system of coastwise communication which has become ‘nadequate. "This is a hand-me-down from US forces in Vietnas which can no longer be efficiently serviced with spare parte,” ‘e said.

CSO: 5200/4526


TheNOS TR DEEPSEA FISHING POR 1980's OUTLINED Lest Berlin SPPMIRTSOCHAPT in German Vol 13 We 5, May 81 pp 247-250

j|Article by Capt Georg Neasler, engineer, economist, chief inepector for maritime safety and pavigetion, VER Fishing Combine, Rostock: “The GDR's Deep-Sea Fishing and ite Possibilities Under the Changed Conditions of the 1980's")

|Text) Third UN Sea Law Conference, which has been in seasion since 1973, is to terminate ite activities with the passage of 4 new sea law convention during the second hall of 1961. Seweral years will pase until ite entry inte force because the copvention must firet be ratified by 4 corresponding number of participating ‘owntfies which fepresent a specifically determined ship tonnage inventory. This process ie of practical significance to ocean fishing only to the extent that the xpaneion of the national fishing sones froe 3} or 12 nautical miles to 200 nautical miles, which is to commence a6 of the etart of the conference, is to be approved ueder international law afterward by all coastal countries. The expansion of the fiehery limit te 200 nautical miles or the establishment of national fishing zones of economic somes was « particularly hard blow to countries which, because of

heif short cosetlines, are dependent upon long-distance fishing; those countries slee include the GOR of euch other countries which do have a long coastline but vhoee coastal approaches do net contain eufficiently productive fishing grounds to met their fish needs.

The buildup of the GOR's own ocean fishing fleet began in 1949 with Soviet heip, along with the construction of fishing porte and the improvement or new construction of a fish-processing industry. Fish was urgently needed {cr feeding the GR popu- lation, in @guch larger quantities than the beach and coastal fishermen vere able to catch along the GDR coset. There were, to be sure, rich stocks of fish in the fishing regions in the Baltic and the North Sea, off Iceland and off the Norwegian cowet, in the Barents Sea and in the rest of the Arctic Ocean. We need correspond- ing vessels, techniques, and abowe ali ekilled crews so that we might use thes for ithe GDR. We were able to place ewer larger and gore modern ships in service and

we were able to deliver @ore and gore fish. The crews very soon operated their new equipment skillfully aed through their achievements contributed to the international recognition and respect given to the young republic.

de were able to fish in ever sore productive although partly sore remote fishing grounds as 4 result of the fleet's growth, the use of larger, technically and tech- nologically gore sodern ships (for example, factory vessels and fishing flotilles

with base vessels). In the Beginning, GOR fishing vessels were operating ome ivr sively in the Baltic and the Nerth Sea; between the siddie end the end of the fale ties they were already operating if 41) fHerthern Burepean fishing grounds and we began our first fishing cruises to the lishing grownds off Sewlowndland and Lab- rador, During the sixties, GDP [ishing vessels were already operating in a1) fiat ing grounds in the northern At tic and the Aretic Geean, ime luding the fishing regions off Greenland and the « «et of the United States. The first fishing eu- peditions were alee carried owl i Affican watere. The organisational structure of the GOR fishing fleet was adapted to fishing conditions tn serthers seritiae fre- W were geared toward catching and processing the hbiod of Cieh that wae in keeping with the pepuletion’s cemeumption habits. Theat iv luded quetly herring, epreate, cod, Norway haddock, Clownder, end sesiane. The verecls in our culter deepeaee [ishing component were operating in the Beltic and ihe North Sea while the loewgetenge e¢@an fishing weasels operated apetiy of f ice- iund, Greentend, Canada, the Voited States, a6 well ae the coset of Rerway a1) the way up toe Spitebergen and in the Barents Sea, in the se-celied remote regions. Fiehing operations in the individual regions depended on the intensity of the spawning and feeding conditions for the variows especies of fish and on environments) comditions, in ether words, they were heavily seasensliy taf lueenced,

As an eapreseion of worldwide recognition for the GOR, ocean fishing conditions ong Other things alse changed. Joining the aajor international fishing conver- tions, in eddition te 4 series of positive results, aiee entailed certain reetric~ ‘iome in Flehing peseibilittee dwe te the determination of catch quotes and other sures Fepulatiog the cateh voleme. Te aeke eure that these fishing restrict ions would oot hewe «© Segetive effect on the supply for the population, the yield free the Cieh cought wee lecreeased with the help of sew technologies end aodern aechines, for exemple, the waste deriving from the killing and filet-ceutting of fish was ri den od,

By using @etete ioforgetion getheds aed equipment and through the bread involvement of scientific discowertes it wee possible te imprewe operational plenning further oe te we the weeeele to eeeh @ @enner that beth the cateh quotes were etilised to the @o8t cxteneive degree, while it wae alee possible to aeke optique use of

ihe fishing Fregioms that were o8 yet still eweileble. ina seddition te further or gehizational @easures, crew rotation end the use of refrigereter and t(reaspert vee- eels led te better fleet genegement and thus to en increese in ite seeete Gur to « reduction in the time required for the round-trip as such. The consistent tapie- mntation of all of these Geesures and target~-oriented ideelogica: work With the ~eanefishing «fews guaranteed «4 rich catch for aany years.

in the Peropean afea, it wae ftiret of all leeland=-«@ cowetrw which liwes free fieh which during the early sixtics extended ite territerial waters free te if seu- tical giles, foellewed by 4 Wenautios! eile fishing sone and, im 1974, finally, « )00-neutical eile ec omemic some which te ot the oom tier «4 fishing sone. This one- sided geeeere, justified tin terags of the bielegicael threat te the fish setecks sround Iceelond and the demand to implement the emclesive setiona) etiliestion of live ocesn reeowroes fe that regies, at firet led te serious contreweretos with 411 fishing oommt oes which @ettll thee bad engaged in highly worthwhile fishing im the icelandic fishing grownds. te the course of the seasions of the Third UN See Law Conference,

eo ot hem, wens ve { -epatome Che Ciehetiow bimite te 200 nau tical Giles, tmefeesingly prewetled with thelr Viewpeet, After other counttics (for exemple, the Vetted States, the EEC countries, Serway, and Sweden) likewioe eapended their fishing somes, the sociaiiet countries jivewiee bed te alter their views, which were aimed ageinel entireme expansions vf comes reserved exclusively for cosets) countries, end established their own fiehing sones,

Tee @omend of (he geographically disadvantaged countries (which alee include the Te) te the effect that they showld get fiehing frighte from the surplus of other tal owetrlee= «be commected with the general fecegnition of the right of the eetei owetirfies te wttlize eean feaeureres if @ 20) eautical eile coastal approach oe (te the extent Chat Chie be geographically peeeibie) a8 well a8 their pledge lo ftegulete Clehing eed Co im lement Geaeutee designed to prevent excessive fishing sed protect fishing resources, Thie @eane that the share of the possible catch, which wee in edwance determined by « particular coastal country and which the latter wee Sot able iteelf te cateh, wee te be Gaede evel labie te othet countries,

Aithowgh thie te Set vel generaliy Fecognived international law, there is today herdiy eny coweteal cowntry which hee fet established ite own fishing of economic some te Om )pametion with ite territorial water. In practice, the sebandongent of the bewic pie tiple ef “Cree Clehing,” eweh a6 it hed prevailed approniastely since

t Pe ‘th -optery, deweloped te the entent that, upon the establiehment of national fiehiog ceea, the caetal countries independently exercise sovereign rights over simeoet af) fiehbing fegiome that bed been worked wntil now, that is to say, they

we oo longer eubject te any international contrei. Thie geane that about 90 per ent of the hithert ‘otereationslly esed fieh etecke are sow under the national legislation of the perticular coeetal countries. Basically, each coastal country Seabee ite decisions om the beetle of ite own--often quite ineufficient--knowledge regerding the volume of the possible cateh and the surplus that sight possibly be dietributed it determines eccoréding to ite own estimate which countries it allows to fieh from the eerples in ite own fishing sone and ender what conditions. These comd it lems geetly tewelwe Che site end sugber of weasels allowed to fish, the nuaber of fiehing grownd daye per ship, deter@ination of restricted fishing areas and no- fiehing comes, restricted (ishing times, fieh lengths, determinations regarding fishing gear, o8 Weil 28 Supervisory and other seasures.

in this commection we can increasingly clearly recognize 4 trend to the effect that the «oamtal countries, which already have 4 well-dewelopec cational fishing industry, however? aleo those other countries, which by virtue of their economic potential are in © pewitiom te build ep their own ocean fishing industry, are trying 46 soon as powsiblie fully te etilise the fish wealth off their own coasts themselves so that they oo longer ollew any foreign fishing wo eeele to enter their fishing sones.

Theat inwelwes eapectally the European and American countries. For example, the United States hee already indicated that only very emall surplus quantities could we diatributed ower the seat several years. This is so even though the fishing grounds off the United States coast during the years prior to the establishment of fishing somes were included among the gost productive fishing grounds in the North \t lent i. -*areas that were being harvested by international fishing fleets. Com- pared to the total fishing volume, the volume caught by American fishermen was extremely email.


lie Sitemt ian tm + bite Lh ler count fies whieh fer the time being d& wet heve the eCoe SE fen@th quicktiy te bulld ap @ @eterA fishing fieet with the «ertee= oowding suppert facilitiee (Liehing porte, repair yards, fish precessing plante, fieh trade, etc.) and which de fet hawe the Seceenery techwica! personnel te eper- ate the veesele and the suppert facilities in order te exploit the emieting fieh stocks if an economically and bielogically qeantngful fashion,

The Tiehing somes of those countriee= primarily African countfles=-thus have @ real bin surplus. These countries, wWhese leng-fenge goal a8 4 fule likewiee invelves ie bulldup of @ etrong setional fishing indwetry, ere using their fish wealth by ~ ) tog the Fishing Fight® te interested parties or by allowing and supporting the reation of @imed companies for fishing and for the processing of fish and other

serine animale,

Dering the @iddle of the seventiog, the expansion of the fisheries lisite in seat of the fishing grownde harvested by the GOR became G0 noticeable that the yield dropped by shout 40 percent compared to the earlier years. Net antil the ene of the ec ¥eotio® wae It possible, due te @ large umber of fishing-policy activities, mete to attate @ lewel whteh- «considering the fleet's organisational setrecture=- roughly corfespended te the lewel prier te the tntreduction of the new fishing

open The lessen learned eo far, the lawestigations in the fishing-policy field, ie oepleretten and dewelopment of new cateh and production possibilities, and the ote poration of longerange development programe in recent yeare fore the foundat ian for the etretegy eed tactics of GOR fisheries policy during the eighties and guar~ mice the om@plowment of the GOR fishing fleet during that span of time. Considering ihe sotlcipated teternational fishing-policy dewelopments and ite own reproduct ion -opdit ions, the GDR ocean-fishing industry hae the following possibilities for

guet ooteeiag the supply of the population with fieh and fish products during the

eming veare:

Even sore efficient utilisation of catch possibilities in ocean areas that are etill freely available;

A stable opt ium (Ciehing syetes, in keeping with biological possibilities, ineti- tuted in the GOR's own fishing sone;

The development of industrial fish production in coastal waters and increased { iah- ing in iniend leke waters, in the wetlands in our coastal districts, and the other inlend water bodies in the GDR;

Stubilieotion ead expansion of invernational relations in order to obtein fishing righte tin the fishing fenese of other countries; and

Active coofation in the cerrently exteting fishing conventions to preserve catch quotes for epecial epectes of fish in the saritime regions administered by these

con ent iene,

The possibilities for fishing operations in as yet freely available ooran regions are relatively limited. Ae far as we know today, they would include the waters in the Antaretic, in which the GOR fleet has been doing seasonal fishing for several


yout), @@ well of parte of the seuthesetera Par it tc The long @letencee which

mel be cowered here=- compared te the worth and eiddle Atlantic fishing grownde-- feeull tm considerable economic burdens te commertion with Ciehing operations.

For the seke of the gost economical possible operetione it te secessery te wee lenge ond complen fletillas which hewe fleeting ef shore beeee for repel, reequipeent, ond fuel supply, o8 well a6 refvigereter weasels te femewe the fish thet wae caught ved thet wee subeequeetiy deepefresen, Another poesth. lity would be te awit & to decpet Tiehing grewnde outside the Ciehing seme. Sev-celled “deepeeee Cieh’ g” how evel entatle @ series of presently es yet unresolved problems and is connected with relatively heavy coat and great €ifficulttes, Compered te the fishing grewnde weed ~ (let, we hewe eoormeue pressure increases wheee effecte on the fishing gear can wot wet be fully countered, We seed sew teehwnelogios end teehniques for lower ing ond reieing Clehing gear end for dragemetting «¢ great depths end we et1)) de aot have suf fictentiy reliable biological knowledge conceroing the possibilities of prodwetive fishing in deep ccoan regione.

Fiehing operatiove in the Git's fiebiang somes in recent years seeumed incresring significance for the COR fiehing industry, eapectally efter the introduction of fishing somes tf the entire Baltic Sea. Priem te the tntreduction of the new fieh- ime limite, the eeeeel catch woleme (8 Che regten of the present dey GR f iahing comes amounted te shout one-third of the tetal catch volume of ocean fishing in the Bultic Seat todew, ebewt 9 percent of the GDRs Baltic Sea catch te annually put aehore trom that region. te edition we hawe the fact that we can get herring, which @e pepeler te the GOR, aleeet only from thet fiehing region sew. A weli- coordinated and far-sighted Cliehing policy will «lee help us keep fishing operat ions etvcedy tm thie fliehiag region io the fetere. Thies can be promoted especially by the following:

Preduction of young Cieh through thy eetabitehment of reatricted fishing sones; hen on fiehing ond detereinetion of “intewe aeeh sire; Constant bielogical inepection of the productivity of owr fishing stocks;

Coordination with other Baltic See countries in the contest of the Baltic Sea Fish- ing Commission.

Right mow, imcreesing attention is being dewoted the development of induetrial fish predewction in coestel waters. Trowt breeding end carp production ender brackish watet conditions will be incressed from sewerel hundred to gore than « thowsand

tome. The Geceeeery perecemel, financial, aeterial, end orgenicetionsl seasures hove been Lown hed ead the (iret production plants of thie kind ere working suc~ cowefully. te cenmecttion with the seed for the better etilisetion of cur own re- serves, We fe ces igning gore and gore significance to the republic's totel water reserves, the ponds, rivers, and lakes. In theese waters, yields ere being increased through imc reesed stocking with young fish, through the (aprovement of sanded or mud- logged iskes and ponds, and corresponding environmental protection seesures.

The further iagprovement and consolidation of relations with other cosstel countries --among other things for the purpose of obtaining fishing opportunities in their fishing somes--aere of decisive igpertence in terms of the eaployeent of the GOR

tieheng ties One Possibility would be te entet inte lishing treatios, On wit Deele, Credit ione) Fights could be claimed within certain time limite, and feo ipeecal ewrvices (Lor emample, sciemtificetectmical performance, biological and | ehingetocheique feseareh work, veeational training) #8 well a8 the purchase of

fiehieg licensee could be agreed upon,

oot powetbiisty Cor Clebiag te predwctive Clehing growndse in the fishing scones other (cwntrtes .ewelwee Che eetablieheent of joint, so-called “eined companies” ‘eee alee the ortic le entitied “Statue and Prospects of Ocean Fishing,” No }, 1981, ») © TSOMAPT) Various forme are possible here whereby the co#etal country a8 « witibutes the teitial capital and=«te the extent that they are in existence ihe ehete fectlittes and tseues permite for fiehing while the other country in ie eee batten @ehee the ships avallable. Thies te moatly connected with the re- quifement fer reeruiting « pertion ef ‘the crews for thoee ships from the coastal owetr euch @imed companies however gekes sense only if the Tiehiog some of Che coeetel country contains fiehing grownds which for any vate (eo com Cectlitete «a high yield. This gust toewelwe especies of fish which can ~ towdily eold en the world gerket because gerketing ie handied by the company oe the tome ef the capiteliet garket economy. Naturally, this aleo includes « (hoe e of of hor prerequiattes, eapeetally regarding the stationing of fishing ves- ihre we ore presently on virgin territory in the fishing industry and we | pother the mcessary experience.

i youre, «© certate ohare of the catch wae guaranteed on the basis of re- iyo ottes, for example, Chreugh gutual exchange of fish caught, through the i treditiowel fiehing cighte, of the purchase of fishing licenses; so tar Los pet been posaible to obtain fishing rights through the formation of a sixed ‘pany The Megotiating partoere either introduced demands that could not be set r the economic and Clehing prerequisites for the establishment of the company did oot offespond to the objectives of both partners. Sometimes the establishwent of » Sixed company however simply failed because of the legislation of the particular oeetal cowntry in whose fishing sone the GDR is interested.

oother kied of ioternational cooperation in fishing involves fishing operations

& coptract beeis for individual foreign companies in their fishing zone. This

owolwes @ kind of service which is paid for by a part of the fish caught. The spany gete the fiehing license from ite government.

wrion the «oming years, the GDR fishing fieet will be further rebuilt. New unite «il th pleeced te service and obsolete veesele will be taken out of the inventory. That towelwes eet only long-distance fishing vessels but also the cutter fleet, which ts aeed geinly in the GOR fishing sone. With the support of the party leader- ship ond the gowernment, the republic's ocean fishing industry is carrying out the » of @eceRReTY to guarantee the utilization of the fishing fleet. Through

teeoir complexity, these measures enable us to aske sure that the GOR ocean fishing industew will in the future Iikewiee be able to supply the fish needed for feeding the population, considering international fishing-policy developments.

0568 CSO: 2 900/242


OL SPTLA FINE REDUCTION=-The $40,000 fine imposed on the captain of the cruise scip Veendam just three weeks ago for epillimg etl tar the Great Sound wae yesterday quashed. Describing the fine handed down by ‘agietrate the Wor. K. ©, Nedarajah as “excessive” the Chief Justice the Hon. James Astwood instead ordered that a 55,000 fine be paid. The captain of the Veendam, Cormelius Hoenderos, 55, wae found guilty of causing the two 0-feot~-long black slicks on April 20 while hie ship was anchored off King’s Point, Alpha teland. On behal’ of the ehip and Hoenceros, Mr Coles Diel, appealed the penalty. Yesterday Mr Astwood upheld the appeal, saying that the slicks were caused by accident and not @iechief. “The evidence does not disclose « deliberate act of pumping or the dumping of ofl inte the Great sound,” he eaid. “The highest that the case can be put is that the epillage cceurred through the careleseness of the ship's crew in falling to inepect the discharge vales to have them kept free o' debris.” te compared the $40,000 fine with fines teposed last year @m the ships Alert and Kilmelford for similar offences--they vere fined $4,000 and $500 respectively. ‘Text) [Hamilton THE ROYAL GAZETTE in Bnglieh 3 Jun 81 p 3)

CSO: 5200


Leen) TERRITORIAL WATERS VIOLATION--The Mintetry of Justice has announced that on il February 198) Angolan authorities in charge of patrolling our coastal waters vad detected the Iraqi beat “Al Rasese” fishing within our territertal waters of f Nocenedes. The captain of thie fliehing beat hed been emable to present the necessary eutherization. Angolan esutherities went to court, and the trial opened at the Sh Lewede Criminal Court on § Jame. Ase « result, the qmer of the ship wae ‘leed 275),080,000 kwanees. The boat wae seized by order of the court and ts now in the Leande barber. The sentence alee ewerded to the Angolan estate the boat's cateh emounting te 6)? tone of fish and 75 tone of fish aeal. Fishing equipment wae alec confiscated. The shipowner's lawyer is appealing the sentence. Judge Joe Alwee Monteiro was the presiding aagietrete. [Text) [Luanda JORNAL DE ANGOLA in Portuguese 14 Jun 61 p i)

cso: $200

MARITIME PROTECTION AGREEMENT WITH MAURITANIA Abidjan PRATERNITE MATIN in French 2) Jun 81 p } |Article by Desire Gnangnan: “Preservation of Maritime Resources™ |}

itxcerpt) A garitiae cooperation agreement was signed yesterday between the Ivory Coast end the lelamic Republic of Mauritania.

benie Nioupin, director for international cooperation at the Ministry of Foreign Allaire. and Hamouwd Ould Ely, Mauritanian embassador to the Ivory Coast, signed the doc uament.

This cooperation agreement between our country and Mauritania concerns the asarine environment, coastal sones and neighboring interior somes under the jurisdiction of Weet African and Central African countries, from Meuritania to Namibia.

The general provisions of this agreement indicate that the two parties can conclude bilateral and eultilateral agreewents, including regional and subregional agree- ments aimed at ensuring the protection of their aarine environment and of the coastal areas of Central and West Africa.

Te this end, « research, study and evaluation program couid be carefully prepared and weed to preserve our saritine resources.

Moreover, the agreement stipulates that the two parties sust adopt 411 appropriate measures conforming to international law to prevent, reduce, combat and achieve-- within the area sentioned in the agreement--pollution in all its aspects: pollution from ships, pollution deriving from their submersion operations, pollution of telluric origin and pollution resulting from activities connected with the explora- tion and exploitation of the sea bottom and its underground.

cso: $200



[Text] leeland and Belgium signed « treaty yeeterdsy modifying Belgium's fishing permit within leeland's economic sone. The mein changes involve « O-ton cut in Belgium's annual quote for thie year and « 600-ton cut for

next year. The catch can be landed only in Belgiue. Purthermore, Belgiue agreed to considerably stricter monitoring sions than were included in the 1975 pact and to narrower fishing areas. They sleo agreed to let the fishing permite of Belgian trawlers, which were revoked on the firet of the month, teke affect again on 15 July. Between then end the end of the year they are permitted to catch up to 2,000 tons, 200 of which can be cod.

The following changes and additions were made to the 1975 pact: Belgian vessels will be prohibited from landing their catch from icelandic fisheries other then in Belgium. Cod quest be seperated from other species on board. The Coast Guard will obtain detailed information on the size and capacity of the Belgien trawlers’ storage espace in order to make it easier to gauge the

catch on board.

The Coast Guard will receive daily reports about the cod quote and the overall catch as well.

The jobs of inspectors whom Iceland might send to monitor the catch of Belgien vessels coming from Icelandic fishing grounds will be facilitated. Belgien trawlers are obliged to dock at the closest harbor in Iceland if the Coast Guard considers it necessary for checkup purpoers.

In the event that « Beigian trawler is found guilty of « major violation of the pact, it can be deprived of ite fishing permit temporarily or, in the case of a second offense, persanently.

Belgium will not be permitted to fish in fishery IV (Selwogebenki) in March, April and May and in fishery ¥ (southeast of the Reykjenes Peninsula) in April. Until the end of thie year Belgium will be allowed to catch up to 2,000 trons. The cod catch can newer exceed 10 percent of « boat's total catch on any one trip during thet period. Belgium is permitted to resume fishing on 1S July. On | January 1962, the annual quote of Belgien trewlers will be reduced from the present 5,000 tons to 4,400 tons.


The allowed cod catch is 25 percent of the total catch on each fishing trip.

Jon L. Arnalds, winietry director, wae asked whether thie amounted to |, 100 tone and, therefore, an increase in Belgium's cod quote, which was only 750 tons before the agreement. He said that thie was, im fact, not th case, as the Belgian trawlers did not catch cod on most of their fishing trips, and therefore, cod constitutes only five percent of the overall catch. When they did catch cod, however, it never exceeded 25 percent of the totel catch. Thus,

the proportion of cod to the overall catch is expected to remain at about 15 percent.

Prime Minister Olafur Johannesson signed the pact om behalf of leelend, and Jacques Vernar, the Belgian embassador to Iceland, signed on behalf of Belgiuna.

ave) cso 5200/ 2096



[interview with Ambessedor Hane C. Andersen about the Jen Mayen agreement, the Rocksl! eres and the Lew of the Sea , date and plece not speci fied)

{Text} “Thie will be che firet time thet such an agreement,

of At the beginning of the interview with the Jan Mayen agreement meant thet « been established thet could be of major consequence eleewhere. His anewer wes:

[Anewer)] The besic etenderd in thie kind of territorial division is to set @ goal for « reasonable solution. Very often the middle line is reasonable, and thet quest be considered under special circumstances. Thus, it was « question of reaching « just solution. There ere so limits on methods as long es the perties agree. We hewe examples of autual development, for exemple eround Japan and Maleysiea, but the cases differ so auch in vuorious respects that no genera! conclusions cou be reached.

The Jan Mayen Committee agreed to pey special attention to the emell size of the island and to take into eccownt that Iceland does not heave access to oil ereas, and these viewpoints resulted in the agreement thet

Theses, « widdle line would only give ws 145 ailes, and with 200